WHAT IS PROJECT MANAGEMENT?
Infrastructure projects in the South African public sector are implemented individually as “stand-alone” projects or as a “group” of projects “packaged” for improved management and economic efficiency. The implementation of projects is managed according to the “traditional” approach to project management. This approach requires division of the project’s lifew cycle into a number of distinct phases (also called stages) based on their intrinsic logic of the project management process.
Each project phase has its own objectives, usually expressed in terms of the completion of one or more phase deliverables. Approval of these phase deliverables is normally a pre-requisite for commencing with the subsequent phase of the project. Public sector infrastructure projects are implemented in four phases, with each phase consisting out of a number of sub-phases:
PROJECT MANAGEMENT METHODOLOGIES
In general terms a methodology is a description of what to do to achieve a specific outcome. A project management methodology therefore describes what to do in every phase of the project to ensure that the goals of the phase will be achieved. The project management methodology contains a work breakdown structure (WBS) consisting of phases, activities and tasks with clear descriptions of the deliverables and responsibilities associated with each task. Project Management methodologies are:
- To ensure that the managemnent processes to achieve the desired outcomes are consistent and effective;.
- To promote project governance through the implementation of a consistent and auditable process.;
The development, acceptance and strict adherence to the recommended methodology will lead to the improved standardisation and uniformity in public sector infrastructure delivery. Infrastructure project management methodologies are impacted by the following two factors:
- The need for the project to go through the design phases
- The need for the procurement of professional service providers and/0r contractors or builders
The need for the procurement of these services is usually considered during the portfolio planning process. Decisions taken during the planning process are documented in a procurement strategy